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Florida State University News

The Official News Source of Florida State University


Keeping the code: How cultural beliefs affect police, court decisions

LL Cool J’s 1991 rap lyrics in his song “Mama Said Knock You Out” are about defending yourself and making sure you are not messed with. Florida State University researchers have found that when individuals adopt this outlook — referred to as a “code of the street” — it can increase their probability of arrest or conviction.